Why is now a good time to think about succession planning?
As any financial planner will tell you, the average amount needed to fund retirement in Australia is at least $1 million. We are living longer than ever before, and life expectancy is constantly improving, so we need more money to fund a long retirement – unless of course we wish to rely on a government pension. Fifty year olds today can expect to live until they are 82; that’s potentially around 20 years to fund in retirement.
According to the Australian Family and Private Business Survey 2010 (RMIT University), the average age of family business owners is 58 years. Almost half of business owners surveyed see themselves working in the business beyond 65 years of age, with over 30% saying they will be relying solely on the sale of their business to fund their retirement.
The baby boomer generation began turning 65 in 2011, and from now until 2030 over 4,000 Australians will hit retirement age each week. It is estimated that over the next decade the retirement of family business owners will see the transfer of approximately $1.6 trillion in wealth, which surely must make succession planning one of the most significant issues facing small to medium enterprise (SME) owners. Yet incredibly, despite 61% of business owners surveyed admitting their businesses are not sale or succession ready, 52.2% do not intend to do anything about it over the next twelve months.
Australian Population Turning 65 Years of Age – Weekly
The Global Financial Crisis and the more recent European crisis has had a negative impact on market sentiment around the globe. Cash is harder to access, and potential buyers drive a harder bargain, putting pressure on valuation multiples (more about this later). Many baby boomers are delaying retirement because the value of their nest egg has diminished, whether that is in the share market, superannuation, real estate or the value of their business. With estimates of 50,000 businesses for sale each year for the foreseeable future, the small business market may become flooded, which will put further pressure on business values. Many business owners will simply close the door.
At Succession Plus we are finding that there are some cashed up buyers and companies out there – as of June 2012 Australian listed companies have the highest cash to assets ratio in 22 years. So they are using that cash to fund growth through acquisition, making acquisitions of much smaller businesses than they might have ten years ago. But the competition in the market can mean that buyers are a little more particular about the businesses they buy, so the businesses need to be better prepared if they are to find the right buyer and the right price.
On the back foot
The following graph from Bizexchange shows that the number of businesses for sale grew rapidly in 2011, with some fluctuation in 2012, while relative business valuation have gradually declined over the last four years.
Volumes and values trend %
As a responsible business owner, it makes sense to start your exit strategy when you are ‘at your peak’ – ideally when the business is doing well and you have the energy and enthusiasm to make the appropriate changes. Many business owners are finding it hard to keep up with technology and the new competitive environment that brings. If you feel defeated and lose market share your business value will diminish, so start the process when you still have some fight and passion for your business. You may need to grow your business to make it more attractive to a buyer, or you may need to transition client relationships gradually to a general manager.
In the current market the best chance of success is to be prepared and plan ahead. If you always “Begin with the end in mind”, you are much better prepared for making the right decisions along the way, following the steps towards your long term vision. If you start preparation early, you will get a deeper understanding of the potential value of your business, and have the time to make positive changes to increase your chances of a good sale.
On a financial level, a well-planned business exit will not only enable you to attract a higher sell price, it will also let you minimise tax on the proceeds, using staged payments, superannuation contributions and taking full advantage of tax concessions. If you put your business up for sale suddenly, you may be met with a tax bill just when you don’t need it.
Twenty fine percent of the business owners surveyed (the Australian Family and Private Business Survey 2010), had been approached by potential buyers in the last twelve months. If you have started to plan your exit from your business, have an understanding of its value and have been tidying up loose ends in readiness, you are much better positioned to take advantage of opportunistic offers like this.
And finally, if you do have to exit from your business unexpectedly due to poor health or other issues, the further you are down your exit plan, the better the outcome is likely to be for you and your loved ones. A poorly planned or poorly executed succession will often lead to dispute, poor customer experiences, business decline and financial pressure. Is that what you have worked all these years for?